Name of the speaker: Dr. Khershed P. Cooper
Position: Professor
Company/Organization: Program Director for the Nanomanufacturing Program
National Science Foundation
Nationality: USA

The Title of Speech:Nanomanufacturing Research at the US National Science Foundation
Biography of the Speaker: Dr. Khershed P. Cooper is a Program Director in the Civil Mechanical Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) Division of the Engineering Directorate at the US National Science Foundation (NSF). He directs the NanoManufacturing (NM) Program, the Scalable Nanomanufacturing (SNM) Solicitation and the manufacturing Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers (NSECs). He serves as a Program Director for the NASCENT Nanosystems Engineering Research Center (NERC). He is a member of NSTC's Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) Sub-committee, co-chair of its Nanotechnology Innovation and Commercialization Ecosystem (NICE) working group and participates in NNI’s Sustainable Nanomanufacturing Signature Initiative. He is a contributor to the development of the National Network of Manufacturing Innovation Institutes. Prior to joining NSF, Dr. Cooper was a Program Officer at ONR and a Senior Research Metallurgist at NRL. As program officer he managed the Manufacturing Science Program and several small business and ManTech projects in various areas of the manufacturing such as additive, micro- and nano-manufacturing and advanced manufacturing enterprise. His research work was in the areas of materials science and processing and characterization, specifically metals and alloys, and nanostructures. He has nearly 150 publications, over 150 invited talks, 70 contributed presentations, one book and one patent. He has organized and participated in several symposia and workshops in additive and nanomanufacturing. He is a Fellow of ASM International and a recipient of its prestigious Burgess Memorial Award.
Abstract of Speech:Nanomanufacturing is the fabrication of useful nano-scale materials, structures, devices and systems in an economically viable manner. The purpose of research in nanomanufacturing is to study the manufacturability of nano-scale components and establish the manufacturing principles that will translate lab scale nanotechnology discoveries into commercial scale nano-enabled products. At the US National Science Foundation, fundamental nanomanufacturing research is carried out through two programs: Nanomanufacturing (NM) and Scalable Nanomanufacturing (SNM).
The NM program supports fundamental research in novel methods and techniques for batch and continuous processes, and top-down (deposition) and bottom-up (self-assembly) processes leading to the formation of complex heterogeneous nanosystems. It leverages advances in the understanding of nano-scale phenomena and processes (physical, chemical, electrical, optical, thermal, mechanical and biological), nanomaterials discovery, novel nanostructure architectures, and new nanodevice and nanosystem concepts. It seeks to address manufacturability (efficiency, yield, scalability, reliability, safety and affordability) issues. To address these issues, the program fosters research based on modeling and simulation, metrology and control, and assessment of product quality and performance. It seeks to explore transformative approaches to nanomanufacturing, including vapor-based and solution-based techniques, micro-reactor and micro-fluidics, hierarchical, directed and self-assembly, bio-nanomanufacturing, additive and subtractive nanomanufacturing, and continuous high-rate nanofabrication such as roll-to-roll or massively-parallel large-area processing. It encourages the fabrication of nanomaterials by design, three-dimensional nanostructures, multi-layer nanodevices, and multi-functional nanosystems.
The SNM program also supports research in new nanomanufacturing processes and methods to overcome the key scientific and engineering barriers that prevent the production of useful nanomaterials and nanostructures and their integration into nanodevices and nanosystems at an industrially relevant scale, reliably, and at low cost and within sustainability and environmental, health and safety guidelines. SNM encourages nanomanufacturing processes with clear commercial relevance addressing key aspects of the nanomanufacturing value chain of nano-scale building-blocks to complex nanostructures to functional devices to integrated systems. SNM research involves addressing multiple scientific challenges, requiring an inter-disciplinary approach. Most disciplines in the physical sciences and engineering participate the program.
The NM and SNM programs will be described in this keynote address and illustrated with research examples. The talk will also include a description of related NSF programs that investigate and develop enabling nanomanufacturing technologies, a discussion on the state-of-the-art and thoughts on moving forward.